A  database of New Zealand snow and ice literature is available at

A database of Antarctic literature is available at

Articles about New Zealand Snow and Ice and/or by members of the NZ Snow and Ice Research Group from the last 3 years are found below.


Morgan-Richards, M., Marshall, C.J., Biggs, P.J., Trewick, S.A., 2023. Insect Freeze-Tolerance Downunder: The Microbial Connection. Insects 14, 89.

Novis, P.M., Dhami, M., Podolyan, A., Matsumoto, M., Kodner, R., 2023. The austral biflagellate Chloromonas rubroleosa (Chlorophyceae) is the closest relative of the unusual quadriflagellate genus Chlainomonas, both found in snow. Journal of Phycology.

Tielidze, L.G., Eaves, S.R., Norton, K.P., Mackintosh, A.N., Pedro, J.B., Hidy, A.J., 2023. Early glacier advance in New Zealand during the Antarctic Cold Reversal. Journal of Quaternary Science n/a.


Abrahim, B.N., Cullen, N.J., Conway, J.P., 2022. A decade of surface meteorology and radiation fluxes at Brewster Glacier in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. International Journal of Climatology 42, 1612–1631.

Ahsan, M.H., 2022. Dynamics and evolution of Fox Glacier in the Southern Alps of New Zealand (Masters thesis). Politecnico di Torino, Turin.

Borzecki, J., 2022. The long-term impacts of glacier retreat on runoff in the Waitaki Catchment, New Zealand (Masters Thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington.

Carrivick, J.L., Sutherland, J.L., Huss, M., Purdie, H., Stringer, C.D., Grimes, M., James, W.H.M., Lorrey, A.M., 2022. Coincident evolution of glaciers and ice-marginal proglacial lakes across the Southern Alps, New Zealand: Past, present and future. Global and Planetary Change 103792.

Cody, E., 2022. Quantifying hillslope response to glacier retreat : landslide mechanics, processes and impacts : a dissertation presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Physical Geography at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand (Thesis). Massey University.

Conway, J.P., Abermann, J., Andreassen, L.M., Azam, M.F., Cullen, N.J., Fitzpatrick, N., Giesen, R., Langley, K., MacDonell, S., Mölg, T., Radic, V., Reijmer, C.H., Sicart, J.-E., 2022. Cloud forcing of surface energy balance from in-situ measurements in diverse mountain glacier environments. The Cryosphere Discussions 1–35.

Garcia, R., 2022. Mapping the Retreat of the Debris-Covered Tasman Glacier in the Aoraki-Mount Cook National Park, New Zealand (Masters thesis). University of Arizona.

Gomez-Fell, R., Rack, W., Purdie, H., Marsh, O., n.d. Parker Ice Tongue collapse, Antarctica, triggered by loss of stabilizing land-fast sea ice. Geophysical Research Letters n/a, e2021GL096156.

Hargreaves, L., 2022. Vanishing Ice Stories of New Zealand Glaciers. Potton and Burton.

Lorrey, A.M., Vargo, L., Purdie, H., Anderson, B., Cullen, N.J., Sirguey, P., Mackintosh, A., Willsman, A., Macara, G., Chinn, W., 2022. Southern Alps equilibrium line altitudes: four decades of observations show coherent glacier–climate responses and a rising snowline trend. Journal of Glaciology 1–14.

Miller, A., Sirguey, P., Morris, S., Bartelt, P., Cullen, N., Redpath, T., Thompson, K., Bühler, Y., 2022. The impact of terrain model source and resolution on snow avalanche modelling. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions 1–38.

Moore, E.M.M., Eaves, S.R., Norton, K.P., Mackintosh, A.N., Anderson, B.M., Dowling, L.H., Hidy, A.J., 2022. Climate reconstructions for the Last Glacial Maximum from a simple cirque glacier in Fiordland, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 275, 107281.

Purdie, H., Zawar-Reza, P., Katurji, M., Schumacher, B., Kerr, T., Bealing, P., 2022. Variability in the vertical temperature profile within crevasses at an alpine glacier. Journal of Glaciology 1–15.

Purdie, J., 2022. Modelling climate change impacts on inflows, lake storage and spill in snow-fed hydroelectric power catchments, Southern Alps, New Zealand. Journal of Hydrology (New Zealand) 61, 151–178.

Tielidze, L.G., Eaves, S.R., Norton, K.P., Mackintosh, A.N., Hidy, A.J., 2022. Cosmogenic 10Be constraints on deglacial snowline rise in the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 286, 107548.

Williams, R.D., Griffiths, H.M., Carr, J.R., Hepburn, A.J., Gibson, M., Williams, J.J., Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., 2022. Integrating historical, geomorphological and sedimentological insights to reconstruct past floods: Insights from Kea Point, Mt. Cook Village, Aotearoa New Zealand. Geomorphology 398, 108028.

Zawierucha, K., Stec, D., Dearden, P.K., Shain, D.H., 2022. Two New Tardigrade Genera from New Zealand’s Southern Alp Glaciers Display Morphological Stasis and Parallel Evolution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 107634.


Anderson, B., Mackintosh, A.N., Dadić, R., Oerlemans, J., Zammit, C., Doughty, A., Sood, A., Mullan, B., 2021. Modelled response of debris-covered and lake-calving glaciers to climate change, Kā Tiritiri o te Moana/Southern Alps, New Zealand. Global and Planetary Change 103593.

Audet, A., 2021. Modern and Paleo Perspectives on the Role of the Westerlies in Glaciation. Masters of Science thesis. The University of Maine.

Moore, E., 2021. The glacial history of Rocky Top cirque, southeast Fiordland, New Zealand (thesis). Open Access Victoria University of Wellington | Te Herenga Waka.

Porhemmat, R., Purdie, H., Zawar‐Reza, P., Zammit, C., Kerr, T., 2021. The influence of atmospheric circulation patterns during large snowfall events in New Zealand’s Southern Alps. International Journal of Climatology 41, 2397–2417.

Pu, W., Cui, J., Wu, D., Shi, T., Chen, Y., Xing, Y., Zhou, Y., Wang, X., 2021. Unprecedented snow darkening and melting in New Zealand due to 2019–2020 Australian wildfires. Fundamental Research.

Shain, D.H., Novis, P.M., Cridge, A.G., Zawierucha, K., Geneva, A.J., Dearden, P.K., 2021. Five animal phyla in glacier ice reveal unprecedented biodiversity in New Zealand’s Southern Alps. Scientific Reports 11, 3898.

Tielidze, L.G., Eaves, S.R., Norton, K.P., Mackintosh, A.N., 2021. Glacial geomorphology of the Ahuriri River valley, central Southern Alps, New Zealand. Journal of Maps 17, 73–86.

Thackray, G.D., Rittenour, T.M., Shulmeister, J., 2020. Ice-thickness variation during marine oxygen isotope stage 4–2 glaciation determined from kame terraces in the Rangitata Valley, New Zealand.

Watson, L.M., Carpenter, B., Thompson, K., Johnson, J.B., 2021. Using local infrasound arrays to detect plunging snow avalanches along the Milford Road, New Zealand (Aotearoa). Nat Hazards.


Baumann, S., Anderson, B., Chinn, T., Mackintosh, A., Collier, C., Lorrey, A.M., Rack, W., Purdie, H., Eaves, S., 2020. Updated inventory of glacier ice in New Zealand based on 2016 satellite imagery. Journal of Glaciology 1–14.

Brett, G.M., Irvin, A., Rack, W., Haas, C., Langhorne, P.J., Leonard, G.H., 2020. Variability in the Distribution of Fast Ice and the Sub-ice Platelet Layer Near McMurdo Ice Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 125, e2019JC015678.

Carrivick, J.L., James, W.H.M., Grimes, M., Sutherland, J.L., Lorrey, A.M., 2020. Ice thickness and volume changes across the Southern Alps, New Zealand, from the little ice age to present. Scientific Reports 10, 13392.

Chinn, W.G.H., Chinn, T.J.H., 2020. Tracking the snow line: Responses to climate change by New Zealand alpine invertebrates. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 52, 361–389.

Cody, E., Anderson, B.M., McColl, S.T., Fuller, I.C., Purdie, H.L., 2020. Paraglacial adjustment of sediment slopes during and immediately after glacial debuttressing. Geomorphology 371, 107411.

Cole, R.P., White, J.D.L., Townsend, D.B., Leonard, G.S., Conway, C.E., 2020. Glaciovolcanic emplacement of an intermediate hydroclastic breccia-lobe complex during the penultimate glacial period (190–130 ka), Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand. GSA Bulletin 132, 1903–1913.

Dowson, A.J., Sirguey, P., Cullen, N.J., 2020. Variability in glacier albedo and links to annual mass balance for the gardens of Eden and Allah, Southern Alps, New Zealand. The Cryosphere 14, 3425–3448.

Eaves, S.R., Brook, M.S., 2020. Glaciers and glaciation of North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 0, 1–20.

Golledge, N.R., 2020. Long-term projections of sea-level rise from ice sheets. WIREs Climate Change 11, e634.

Haas, C., Langhorne, P.J., Rack, W., Leonard, G.H., Brett, G.M., Price, D., Beckers, J.F., Gough, A.J., 2020. Airborne mapping of the sub-ice platelet layer under fast ice in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. The Cryosphere Discussions 1–31.

Just, L., 2020. Snow distribution and melt of a seasonal snowpack, Central Otago, New Zealand (Thesis, Master of Science). University of Otago.

Porhemmat, R., Purdie, H., Zawar-Reza, P., Zammit, C., Kerr, T., 2020. Moisture transport during large snowfall events in the New Zealand Southern Alps: The role of atmospheric rivers. Journal of Hydrometeorology 1.

Porhemmat, R., Purdie, H., Zawar‐Reza, P., Zammit, C., Kerr, T., n.d. The influence of atmospheric circulation patterns during large snowfall events in New Zealand’s Southern Alps. International Journal of Climatology n/a.

Purdie, H., Bealing, P., Gomez, C., Anderson, B., Marsh, O.J., 2020. Morphological changes to the terminus of a maritime glacier during advance and retreat phases: Fox Glacier/Te Moeka o Tuawe, New Zealand. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography 0, 1–19.

Tan, A.E.-C., McCulloch, J., Rack, W., Platt, I., Woodhead, I., 2020. Radar Measurements of Snow Depth Over Sea Ice on an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 1–8.

Vargo, L.J., Anderson, B.M., Dadić, R., Horgan, H.J., Mackintosh, A.N., King, A.D., Lorrey, A.M., 2020. Anthropogenic warming forces extreme annual glacier mass loss. Nature Climate Change 1–6.

Winter-Billington, A., Moore, R.D., Dadic, R., undefined/ed. Evaluating the transferability of empirical models of debris-covered glacier melt. Journal of Glaciology 1–18.


Cole, R.P., Ohneiser, C., White, J.D.L., Townsend, D.B., Leonard, G.S., 2019. Paleomagnetic evidence for cold emplacement of eruption-fed density current deposits beneath an ancient summit glacier, Tongariro volcano, New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 522, 155–165.

Cullen, N.J., Gibson, P.B., Mölg, T., Conway, J.P., Sirguey, P., Kingston, D.G., 2019. The influence of weather systems in controlling mass balance in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 0.

Dowling, L., 2019. The Holocene Glacial History of Dart Glacier, Southern Alps, New Zealand. Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington.

Eaves, S.R., Mackintosh, A.N., Anderson, B.M., 2019. Climate amelioration during the Last Glacial Maximum recorded by a sensitive mountain glacier in New Zealand. Geology 47, 299–302.

Eaves, S.R., Winckler, G., Mackintosh, A.N., Schaefer, J.M., Townsend, D.B., Doughty, A.M., Jones, R.S., Leonard, G.S., 2019. Late-glacial and Holocene glacier fluctuations in North Island, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 223, 105914.

Lindsay, J.L., 2019. Processes and feedbacks associated with iceberg calving and subaqueous terminus morphology, Tasman/Haupapa Glacier, New Zealand. (Masters). University of Canterbury, Christchurch.

Little, K., Kingston, D.G., Cullen, N.J., Gibson, P.B., 2019. The Role of Atmospheric Rivers for Extreme Ablation and Snowfall Events in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters 46, 2761–2771.

Purdie, H., Hutton, J.H., Stewart, E., Espiner, S., 2020. Implications of a changing alpine environment for geotourism: A case study from Aoraki/Mount Cook, New Zealand. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 29, 100235.

Redpath, T.A.N., Sirguey, P., Cullen, N.J., 2019. Characterising spatio-temporal variability in seasonal snow cover at a regional scale from MODIS data: the Clutha Catchment, New Zealand. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 23, 3189–3217.

Salinger, M.J., Fitzharris, B.B., Chinn, T., 2019. Atmospheric circulation and ice volume changes for the small and medium glaciers of New Zealand’s Southern Alps mountain range 1977–2018. International Journal of Climatology 39, 4274–4287.

Salinger, M.J., Renwick, J., Behrens, E., Mullan, A.B., Diamond, H.J., Sirguey, P., Smith, R.O., Trought, M.C.T., Alexander, L., Cullen, N.J., Fitzharris, B.B., Hepburn, C.D., Parker, A.K., Sutton, P.J., 2019. The unprecedented coupled ocean-atmosphere summer heatwave in the New Zealand region 2017/18: drivers, mechanisms and impacts. Environ. Res. Lett. 14, 044023.

Strand, P.D., Schaefer, J.M., Putnam, A.E., Denton, G.H., Barrell, D.J.A., Koffman, T.N.B., Schwartz, R., 2019. Millennial-scale pulsebeat of glaciation in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 220, 165–177.

Sutherland, J.L., Carrivick, J.L., Shulmeister, J., Quincey, D.J., James, W.H.M., 2019. Ice-contact proglacial lakes associated with the Last Glacial Maximum across the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 213, 67–92.

Yang, Y., Uddstrom, M., Turner, R., Revell, M., 2020. Major factors affecting the snow simulations by the JULES in New Zealand. Meteorological Applications 27, e1837.

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